Fairfax, Thomas, 3rd Baron Fairfax Of Cameron

(1612-1671)
   He was born at Denton, Yorkshire, son of Ferdinando, second Lord Fairfax, and educated at St. John's College, Cambridge. From 1629 to 1631 he fought with the Dutch against the Spanish; he participated in the Bishops' Wars (1639 and 1640) against the Scots (an attempt by Charles 1I to impose on the Scots a new Book of Common Prayer). He was knighted in January 1640 and succeeded to his father's title in 1648. He distinguished himself as Parliamentarian general during the Civil Wars and was seriously wounded in the siege of Helmsley Castle, Yorkshire (September 1644). He was largely responsible for the defeat of Charles I at Naseby, Northamptonshire ( June 14, 1645), although he actively sought to prevent the death of Charles I. He was one of the members of Parliament who invited Charles II to become monarch. So incensed was he at the desecration of Cromwell's remains that he retired from politics. Some of his poems: "On the Fatal Day January 30, 1648," "Shortness of Life," "Upon the New Building at Appleton."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. The Bodleian Library, Oxford (http://search.ox.ac.uk/). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The New Oxford Book of Sixteenth Century Verse. Emrys Jones, ed. Oxford University Press, 1991.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron — Thomas Fairfax Thomas Fairfax Thomas Fairfax (17 janvier 1612, Denton Hall (près de Otley) dans le Yorkshire – 12 novembre 1671), 3e Lord Fairfax de Cameron, fut un général et commandant en chef durant la Première révolution anglaise. Il é …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fairfax, Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Baron — ▪ English general born Jan. 17, 1612, Denton, Yorkshire, Eng. died Nov. 12, 1671, Nun Appleton, Yorkshire  commander in chief of the Parliamentary army during the English Civil Wars between the Royalists and Parliamentarians. His tactical skill… …   Universalium

  • Fairfax (of Cameron), Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Baron — born Jan. 17, 1612, Denton, Yorkshire, Eng. died Nov. 12, 1671, Nun Appleton, Yorkshire Commander in chief of the Parliamentary army during the English Civil Wars. His tactical skill and courage helped bring about many Parliamentary victories,… …   Universalium

  • Lord Fairfax of Cameron — is a title is in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1627 for Sir Thomas Fairfax. He represented Elizabeth I on several diplomatic missions to James VI of Scotland and also sat as a Member of Parliament for several constituencies in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Fairfax — /fair faks/, n. 1. Thomas (3rd Baron Fairfax of Cameron), 1612 71, British general: commander in chief of the parliamentary army 1645 50. 2. Thomas (6th Baron Fairfax of Cameron), 1692 1782, English colonist in Virginia. 3. a town in NE Virginia …   Universalium

  • Fairfax — /fair faks/, n. 1. Thomas (3rd Baron Fairfax of Cameron), 1612 71, British general: commander in chief of the parliamentary army 1645 50. 2. Thomas (6th Baron Fairfax of Cameron), 1692 1782, English colonist in Virginia. 3. a town in NE Virginia …   Useful english dictionary

  • baron — /bar euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of such a vassal or his equal in the nobility. c. a member of the House of …   Universalium

  • Baron — /bann rddawonn /, n. Michel /mee shel /, (Michel Boyron), 1653 1729, French actor. * * * I Title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a viscount or a count (in countries without viscounts). The wife of a baron is a baroness.… …   Universalium

  • Thomas — /tom euhs/ for 1, 2, 4 14; /taw mah / for 3, n. 1. an apostle who demanded proof of Christ s Resurrection. John 20:24 29. 2. Augustus, 1857 1934, U.S. playwright, journalist, and actor. 3. (Charles Louis) Ambroise /shannrddl lwee ahonn brddwannz… …   Universalium

  • Cameron — Cameronian /kam euh roh nee euhn, rohn yeuhn/, adj., n. /kam euhr euhn, kam reuhn/, n. 1. Julia Margaret, 1815 79, English photographer, born in India. 2. Richard, 1648? 80, Scottish Covenanter. * * * (as used in expressions) Cameron Julia… …   Universalium

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